Neuter (Neutru)
 
 
Neuter agreement

The neuter form of the adjectives (ending in -o) is used with uncountable nouns (usually of substance) when the adjectives follow the nouns, cf.:

If the adjectives are used in front of the uncountable nouns, they do agree with them in gender, cf.:
 
  • la lleña seco
  • la sidra nuevo
  • el carbón bono
versus
  • la seca lleña
  • la nueva sidra
  • el bon carbón

The neuter agreement is used only in singular.
 
 
Uncountable nouns

These are nouns denoting substance, indefinite quantity or collective value, such as:
 
  • l'agua, 
  • l'arena, 
  • el carbón, 
  • la carne, 
  • el cristal, 
  • la fariña, 
  • la fruta, 
  • la herba, 
  • la llana, 
  • la lleche, 
  • la lleña,
  • la madera, 
  • el maiz,
  • el pan,
  • el papel, 
  • la ropa,
  • la sidra,
  • el trigu,
  • el vinu,
  • la xente
  • etc...
 
 
Ambivalent nouns

A lot of nouns may be used both as countable and uncountable in dependence of the context, cf.:
 
Used as countable nouns Used as uncountable nouns
  • La fueya seca (una fueya) the dry leaf
  • Apúrrime una fueya seca.
  • El café malu (a cup of coffee)
  • La fueya seco a totality of leaves, foliage
  • Apúrrime la fueya seco (used as substance).
  • El cafe malo (a type of coffee)

In a few cases the nouns, when used as uncountable, also take the ending -o, cf.:
 
Used as countable nouns Used as uncountable nouns
  • Un fierru ferruñosu
  • Un filu blancu
  • Un pelu roxu
  • Fierro ferruñoso
  • Filo blanco
  • Pelo roxo
 
 
Usage of the neuter adjectives

Besides the occurrence at the uncountable nouns, the neuter forms of the adjectives are used in the following cases:

  1. When the Subject of the sentence is an infinitive and the adjective is it Subject complement:

  2. Correr ye bono.
    Correr tolos díes ye bono.
  3. In the agreement with the neuter demonstratives esto, eso and aquello:

  4. Aquello foi mui prestoso.
  5. In the agreement with the neuter indefintes daqué (= Sp. algo) and nada.

  6. Equí hai daqué feo.
    Equí nun hai nada feo.
  7. In the agreement with the neuter interrogatives cuánto and cuálo:

  8. ¿Cúalo ye barato?
  9. In the agreement of a sentence substantivized by que:

  10. Que bebas ye malo.

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