Personal Pronouns (Pronomes Personales)
 
 
Forms
 
Number Person Subject Direct Object Indirect Object Object of Circumstance
Sg.
1st
yo
me
me
conmigo
2nd
tu
te
te
contigo
3rd
m
él / elli
lu
-y
--
f
ella
la
--
n
ello
lo
--
refl.
se
se
si
consigo
Pl.
1st
m
nos / nosotros
nos-mos
nos-mos
--
f
nosotres
--
2nd
m
vos / vosotros
vos
vos
--
f
vosotres
--
3rd
m
ellos
los
-yos (-ys)
--
f
elles
les
--
refl.
se
se
si
consigo
 
The forms like conmigo, contigo etc. are inheriited from Classical Latiin mecum, tecum and have their paralels in the other Ibero-Romance languages (see Spanish, Portuguese).
 
 
Position

Usually the pronouns are placed after the verb. In this Asturian is similar to Portuguese and Galician and quite different from Spanish.
 
Direct Object Indirect Object
  • Tienles en casa.

  • Las tiene en casa.
  • Tráxolos pela nueche.

  • Los trajo por la noche.
  • Tráxo-y los llibros pela nueche.

  • Le trajo los libros por la noche.
  • Tráxo-yos los llibros pela nueche.

  • Les trajo los libros por la noche.

The non-Subject pronouns mustnot be used in the beginning of the sentences. The following examples are considered incorrect by the grammarians:

Me lo dixisti
Te lo dixo?
-Y lo dices mañana.
The pronouns may be put after the verbs (in Asturian grammar proclisis) in the following cases:
 
 
Negation

When the negation forms a phonic group with the rest of the sentence, the pronoun is put before the verb, cf.:

 
Interrogatives and exclamatives

The pronoun precedes the verb in the interrogative and exclamative sentences with tonic relatives (as quién, cuándo, cómo, cuánto, qué...), cf.:

 
Subordinate clauses

The pronouns are used before the verbs in order to underline the idea of subordination, cf.:

This phenomenon is observed in all types of subordinate clauses:

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