Simple Tenses
 
 
Infinite Verbal Forms
 
             
I
II
III
The Present Infinitive
falar esparder  apurrir
The Gerund
falando
espardiendo
apurriendo
The Past Passive Participle
m
faláu, falaos
espardíu, espardios
apurríu, apurríos
f
falada, falaes
espardida, espardíes
apurrida, apurríes
n
falao
espardío
apurró
 
 
Finite Verbal Forms
 
The Present Indicative (Presente d' Indicativu)
 
.      
I
II
III
Sg.
1
2
3
falo
fales
fala
espardo
espardes
esparde
apurro
apurres
apurre
Pl.
1
2
3
falamos
faláis
falen
espardemos
espardéis
esparden
apurrimos
apurrís
apurren
 
Formation: See the Spanish Present Indicative. Note that the endings of the first conjugation for 2nd p. sg. and 3rd p. pl. were equalized with the endings of the two other cojugations.

See also the Latin Present Indicative.
 
 
The Imperfect Indicative (Pretéritu Imperfeutu d'Indicativu)
 
.      
I
II
III
Sg.
1
2
3
falaba
falabes
falaba
espardía
espardíes
espardía
apurría
apurríes
apurría
Pl.
1
2
3
falábemos, falábamos
falabeis, falabais
falaben
espardíemos, espardíamos
espardíeis, espardíais
espardíen
apurríemos, apurríamos
apurríeis, apurríais
apurríen

Formation: See the Spanish Imperfect Indicative. Note the tendency the endings of the various conjugations to be confounded.

See also the Latin Imperfect Indicative.
 

The Past Simple Indicative (Pretéritu Indefiniu d'Indicativu)
 
.          
I
II
III
Sg.
1
2
3
falé
falasti, falesti
faló
espardí
espardisti, espardiesti
espard
apurri
apurristi, apurriesti
apurr
Pl.
1
2
3
falemos
falastis, falestis
falaron
espardimos, espardiemos
espardistis, espardiestis
espardieron
apurrimos, apurriemos
apurristis, apurriestis
apurrieron

Formation: See the Spanish Past Simple Indicative. Note the tendency the endings of the various conjugations to be confounded.

See also the Latin Perfect Indicative.
 

The Future Indicative (Futuru d'Indicativu)
 
.      
I
II
III
Sg.
1
2
3
falaré
falarás
falará
esparderé
esparderás
esparderá
apurriré
apurrirás
apurrirá
Pl.
1
2
3
falaremos
falaréis
falarán
esparderemos
esparderéis
esparderán
apurriremos
apurriréis
apurrirán

Formation: It is derived from the Vulgar Latin modal construction infinitive +the Present Indicative of the auxiliary  habere (Ast. haber) to have, which is of a future meaning. In Asturian writing, as in Spanish,  the forms of haber were appended to the infinitive to make a whole word, cf.: falar he > falaré, falar has > falarás etc. Note that the initial h- was ommitted and that in the 2 p. pl. the verbal form habéis was shortened to -éis.
 

The Pluperfect Indicative (Pretéritu Pluscuamperfectu de Indicativu)
 
        
I
II
III
Sg.
1
2
3
falare
falares
falare
falara
falaras
falara
espardiere
espradieres
espardiere
esprdiera
espardieras
espardiera
apurrieres
apurrieres
apurriere
apurriera
apurrieras
apurriera
Pl.
1
2
3
faláremos
falareis
falaren
faláramos
falarais
falaran
espardiéremos
espardiereis
espardieren
espardiéramos
espardierais
espardieran
apurriéremos
apurriereis
apurrieren
apurriéamos
apurrierais
apurrieran

Formation: It follows pretty well the Latin pattern. See the Latin Pluperfect Indicative. The Simple Pluperfect Indicative is preserved also in Portuguese and Galician.

The forms coincide with the Imperfect Subjunctive.
 

The Present Subjunctive (Presente de Suxuntivu)
 
        
I
II
III
Sg.
1
2
3
fale
fales, falas
fale
esparda
espardas
esparda
apurra
apurras
apurra
Pl.
1
2
3
falemos
faléis
falen, falan
espardamos
espardís
espardan
apurramos
apurráis
apurran

Formation: It follows pretty well the Latin pattern. See the Latin Present Subjunctive.
 

The Imperfect Subjunctive (Pretéritu Imperfeutu de Suxuntivu)
 
         
I
II
III
Sg.
1
2
3
falare
falares
falare
falara
falaras
falara
espardiere
espradieres
espardiere
esprdiera
espardieras
espardiera
apurrieres
apurrieres
apurriere
apurriera
apurrieras
apurriera
Pl.
1
2
3
faláremos
falareis
falaren
faláramos
falarais
falaran
espardiéremos
espardiereis
espardieren
espardiéramos
espardierais
espardieran
apurriéremos
apurriereis
apurrieren
apurriéamos
apurrierais
apurrieran

Formation: It follows pretty well the Latin pattern. See the Latin Imperfect Subjunctive.

The forms coincide with the Pluperfect Indicative.
 

The Imperfect Conditional (Presente Potencial)
 
.      
I
II
III
Sg.
1
2
3
falaría
falaríes
falaría
espardería
esparderíes
espardería
apurriría
apurrriríes
apurriría
Pl.
1
2
3
falaríemos, falaríamos
falaríeis, alaríais
falaríen
esparderíemos, esparderíamos
esparderiéis, esparderíais
esparderíen
apurriríemos, apurriríamos
apurriríeis, apurriríais
apurriríen

Formation: It is formed by adding the endings of the Imperfect Indicative to the Present Infinitive.
 

The Present Imperative (Presente d'Imperativu)
 
        
I
II
III
Sg.
1
2
3
fala espardi apurri
Pl.
1
2
3
falái espardéi apurríi

Formation: The forms of the 2 p. sg. and pl. inherit the Latin Present Imperative; note that the Latin intervocalic -t- in the ending for the 2 p. pl. was dropped after being first voiced in -d (cf. Spanish), and in its place developed an -i.


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