Determiners (Determinants)






Determiners are words (as an article, possessive, demonstrative, or quantifier) that makes specific the denotation of a noun phrase. In Catalan they agree in gender and number with the noun.
...

Articles (Articles)

 
INDEFINITE
D E F I N I T E
PERSONAL
from L. ille
from L. ipse
("Salty Article")
Basic forms
Contracted forms
a
de
per
Sg.
m
un
el (l')
al
del
pel
es (s')
en (l')
f
una
la (l')
--
--
--
sa (s')
la
Pl.
m
uns
els
als
dels
pels
es (ets)
--
f
unes
les
--
--
--
ses
--

The Personal article is required before personal names, cf.:

The elided form l' is used in front of masculine nouns beginning with vowel and with feminine nouns beginning with vowel different from unstressed i, u, cf.: Some Catalan dialects still preserve the medieval forms of the masculine definite articles lo and los.

The salty article originated in Costa Brava, where nowadays it is obsolete, but it is still present in toponyms like S'Agaró or Sa Tuna. When Mallorca was conquered by Jaume I in the 13th century people from Costa Brava settled on the Balearic Islands and now the salty article is used there. The Balearic dialect uses personal feminine article na (instead of la).
...

Possessive Adjectives (Adjectius Possessius)

... O n e o w n e r M a n y o w n e r s
S i n g u l a r
P l u r a l
S i n g u l a r
P l u r a l
Person
Stressed
Unstressed
Stressed
Unstressed
Stressed and Unstressed
Stressed and Unstressed
1st
m
meu 
mon 
meus
mos
nostre
nostres
f
meva
ma
meves
mes
nostra 
nostres
2nd
m
teu
ton
teus
tos
vostre
vostres
f
teva
ta
teves
tes
vostra 
vostres
3rd
m
seu
son
seus
sos
seu 
llur 
seus
llurs
f
seva
sa
seves
ses
seva
seves 

The stressed forms may be placed before and after the nouns; when preceding the nouns, they are used with definite article, cf.:

The unstressed forms are retained in some dialects. In the literary language they are used in fixed expressions like: The forms llur, llurs are used in the literarary language only.
...

Demonstrative Adjectives (Adjectius Demostratius)

 
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
Near objects
aquest this
aquesta
aquests
aquestes 
Remote objects
aqueix this, that
aqueixa
aqueixos
aqueixes
aquell that
aquella
aquells
aquelles

Examples:
 
  • aquest llibre this book  

  • aquests llibresthese books
    aquesta dona this woman
    aquestes dones these women
  • aquell llibre that book 

  • aquells llibres those books
    aquella dona that woman
    aquelles dones those women
...

Interrogative Adjectives (Adjectius Interrogatius)

Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
quin? what kind of?
quina?
quins?
quines?
...

Indefinite Adjectives (Adjectius Indefinits)

V a r i a b l e 
Invariable
S i n g u l a r
P l u r a l
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
algun some
alguna
alguns
algunes
massa too much, too many

cada each, every

prou enough

una mica de a few... 

un poc de a few... 

altre other
altra
altres
mateix same
mateixa
mateixos
mateixes
molt much
molta
molts many
moltes
poc few, little
poca
pocs
poques
[no] gaire no much
[no] gaires no many
qualsevol whatever
qualssevol
tal such
tals
tot all, the whole...
tota
tots every
totes
...

Negative Adjectives (Adjectius Negatius)

S i n g u l a r
P l u r a l
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
ni un (ningun) none
ni una (ninguna)
--
--


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