Forms of Address


In polite speech Catalan uses the special pronominal forms vostè (for singular) and vostès (for plural) followed by a verbal form in third person (singular or plural, respectively):

This manner of polite speaking is paralleled in Spanish (usted / ustedes), Portuguese (você / vocês) and Italian (lei / loro); it was used also in French till the 19th century.

Like in Spanish, the pronouns vostè and vostès are derived from the expression Vostra Mercè (in Sp. Vuestra Merced) Her Mercy.

The treatment of respect, vós, is substituted for tu in some situations, such as in addressing senior people. It is used with the verbal forms corresponding to the second person plural (vosaltres), cf.:

Cf. the Voseo phenomenon in Spanish.


Catalan Pronouns
Catalan Verb

Catalan Descriptive Grammar
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© Zdravko Batzarov