NOTE: In the Catalan grammars en and hi are usually
The pronominal adverb en
It has four distinct forms:
Has comprat llet? Have you bought milk?
Níhas comprat? Have you bought (of) it [milk]?
Ara que és morta, tothom parla bé de la Carme. Since sheís dead, everyone speaks well about Carmen.
Ara que és morta, tothom en parla bé. Since sheís dead, everyone speaks well [about her].
The pronominal adverb hi has three main functions:
He quedat amb la Marta. I have a date with Marta.
Hi he quedat. I have a date [with Marta].
No té la ràdio encesa. He doesnít have the radio on.
No la hi té. He doesnít have it [on].
Vaig donar la rosa a la Clàudia. I gave the rose to Claudia.
the direct object la rosa can be replaced with the pronoun la, while the indirect object, a la Clàudia can be replaced with the pronoun li to her. The resulting pronoun combination would be li la, which in fact is not incorrect and is still used in the Valencian dialect. However, elsewhere in Catalan-speaking areas hi is substituted for li and, further, put after la, the resulting combination being la hi. Thus, the following two are correct:
Li la vaig donar (València) / La hi vaig donar (Barcelona and elsewhere) I gave it to her.
The pronominal adverbs en and hi may occur also in many idiomatic expressions:
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