Simple Tenses (Temps Simples)


See also the Latin verbal endings.

Non-Finite Verbal Form (Formes Impersonals)

_
I group
-ar
II group
-re ; -(e)r
III group : -ir
w/o suffix
with suffix
The Present Infinitive
cantar
to sing
perdre
to lose
sentir
to feel
servir
to serve
The Gerund
(Gerundi)
cantant
singing
perdent
losing
sentint
feeling
servint
serving
The Past Passive Participle
cantat, cantada
sung
perdut, perduda
lost
sentit, sentida
felt
servit, servida
served

 

Finite Verbal Forms (Formes Personals)

Present Indicative (Present de Indicatiu)

_
I group
-ar
II group
-re ; -(e)r
III group : -ir
w/o suffix
with suffix
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
canto
cantes
canta
perdo
perds
perd
sento
sents
sent
serveixo
serveixes
serveix
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
cantem
canteu
canten
perdem
perdeu
perden
sentim
sentiu
senten
servim
serviu
serveixen
...

Imperfect Indicative (Imperfet de Indicatiu)

_
I group
-ar
II group
-re ; -(e)r
III group : -ir
w/o suffix
with suffix
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
cantava
cantaves
cantava
perdia
perdies
perdia
sentia
senties
sentia
servia
servies
servia
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
cantávem
cantáveu
cantaven
perdíem
perdíeu
perdien
sentíem
sentíeu
sentien
servíem
servíeu
servien
...

Past Simple Indicative (Pretèrit Perfet Simple de Indicatiu)

_
I group
-ar
II group
-re ; -(e)r
III group : -ir
w/o suffix
with suffix
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
cantí
cantares
cantà 
perdí
perderes
perdí 
sentí
sentires
sentí 
serví
servires
serví 
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
cantàrem
cantàreu
cantaren 
perdérem
perdéreu
perderen 
sentirem
sentíreu
sentiren 
servírem
servíreu
serviren 

Except for Valencian, this tense is used in the written language only. In the speech it is replaced by the periphrastic construction anar + infinitive:

Future Indicative (Futur Simple de Indicatiu)

_
I group
-ar
II group
-re ; -(e)r
III group : -ir
w/o suffix
with suffix
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
cantaré
cantars
cantar
perdré
perdrs
perdr
sentiré
sentirs
sentir
serviré
servirs
servir
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
cantarem
cantareu
cantaran
perdrem
perdreu
perdran
sentirem
sentireu
sentiran
servirem
servireu
serviran

The Future Indicative is derived from the Vulgar Latin modal construction infinitive +the Present Indicative of the auxiliary  habêre (Cat. haver) to have, which is of a future meaning. In Catalan writing the forms of haver were appended to the infinitive to make a whole word, cf.: amar he => amaré, amar has => amarás etc.
...

Present Subjunctive (Present de Subjuntiu)

_
I group
-ar
II group
-re ; -(e)r
III group : -ir
w/o suffix
with suffix
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
(que) canti
(que) cantis
(que) cant
(que) perdi
(que) perdis
(que) perd
(que) senti
(que) sentis
(que) sent
(que) serveixi
(que) serveixis
(que) serveixi 
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
(que) cantem
(que) canteu
(que) cantin 
(que) perdem
(que) perdeu
(que) perdin 
(que) sentim
(que) sentiu
(que) sentin 
(que) servim
(que) serviu
(que) serveixin 
...

Imperfect Subjunctive (Imperfet de Subjuntiu)

_
I group
-ar
II group
-re ; -(e)r
III group : -ir
w/o suffix
with suffix
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
(que) cantés
(que) cantéssis
(que) cantés 
(que) perdés
(que) perdéssis
(que) perdés 
(que) sentís
(que) sentíssis
(que) sentís 
(que) servís
(que) servíssis
(que) servís 
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
(que) cantéssim
(que) cantéssiu
(que) cantéssin 
(que) perdéssim
(que) perdéssiu
(que) perdéssin 
(que) sentíssimm
(que) sentíssiu
(que) sentíssin 
(que) servíssim
(que) servíssiu
(que) servíssin 
...

Present Conditional (Condicional Present)

_
I group
-ar
II group
-re ; -(e)r
III group : -ir
w/o suffix
with suffix
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
cantaria
cantaries
cantaria
perdria
perdries
perdria
sentiria
sentirias
sentiria
serviria
servirias
serviria
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
cantariem
cantarieu
cantarien
perdriem
perdrieu
perdrien
sentiriem
sentirieu
sentirien
serviriem
servirieu
servirien
...

Present Imperative (Present de Imperatiu)

_
I group
-ar
II group
-re ; -(e)r
III group : -ir
w/o suffix
with suffix
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
-- 
canta
--
-- 
perd 
--
-- 
sent 
--
-- 
serveix
--
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
cantem
canteu
--
perdem
perdeu
--
sentim
sentiu
--
servim
serviu
--
 

Next
Previous

Verbal Tenses in Catalan

Catalan Descriptive Grammar
Catalan Language Main Page

Modern Romance Languages Main Page
Orbis Latinus Main Page

This page is part of Orbis Latinus
© Zdravko Batzarov