Adverbs (Adverbes)

 
 
List of Basic Adverbs
 

  Time
  alors then
après after
aujourd'hui today
auparavant formerly, previously
aussitôt at once, right now
autrefois formerly, previously
avant-hier the day before yesterday
bientôt soon
d'abord at first, at the outset
déjà already, by now, yet
demain tomorrow
dorénavant since this moment on
encore still, yet
enfin at last, finally
ensuite afterwards
hier yesterday
jadis formerly
jamais ever
lendemain the day after
maintenant in this moment, now
naguère recently
parfois sometimes
puis after
quand when
soudain suddenly
souvent often
toujours ever
tard late
tôt early
...
       
  Place
  ailleurs elsewhere
dedans inside
dehors outside 
dessous below, downstairs
dessus above, on top, upstairs
devant before
en from here / there
ici here 
here, there
là-bas there
loin away
where
partout everywhere
près near
y (to) there
       
  Quantity
  assez enough, rather, sufficiently
autant que as far as
beaucoup de much, many
bien much, many
combien de as much, as many
davantage more
environ about, approximately
guère too little
moins less
peu little
plus more
presque almost, nearly
que = combien
seulement only
si so
suffisamment sufficiently, enough
tant that much
tellement like this, so, that way, thus
très quite, very, very much
trop too, too much
...
       
 

Affirmation and Negation

Interrogation

Manner

  certes certainly, sure
guère too little
jamais never
ne not
ni neither 
non no
oui yes
pas no
point not at all
si yes (to negative question)
combien? how much (many)
comment? how?
? where?
pourquoi? why?
quand? when?

ainsi so, that way, thus
aussi like this
bas silently
bien well
comme as, like, such as
haut aloud
mal badly
surtout above all, especially
vite soon

See also Derived Adverbs.

 
 
Derived Adverbs
 
A lot of adverbs are derived regularly from the feminine forms of the adjectives by adding the suffix -ment (
this pattern appeared in the Vulgar Latin), cf.

These adverbs correspond to the English adverbs formed by -ly.

Some adverbs are irregular:

A. Many adjectives ending in -ant or -ent take the adverb ending -amment or -emment:

B. Other irregular forms are:

Some adverbs are formed from the adjectives by the way of conversion (in other words their forms coincide with the masculine forms of the adjectives), cf.:

 
Degree of the Adverbs (Degrés des Adverbes)
 
Comparative Degree (Degré Comparatif)
 

Normal C o m p a r a t i v e
Superiority Equality Inferiority

vite

plus ADVque

plus vite que

aussi  ADV. que

aussi vite que

moins ADV. que

moins vite que

 
 
Superlative Degree (Degré Superlatif)
 

Normal

S u p e r l a t i v e
Superiority Inferiority

vite

le plus ADV.

le plus vite 

le moins ADV.

le moins vite

 
Two adverbs have irregular forms:

 
Adverbials (Locutions adverbiales)
 

  Time
  à la fin at last, finally
à la fois in the same time
une fois once, formerly
à présent presently
dans le temps formerly
depuis longtemps since longtime  
depuis toujours since ever
de temps à autre from time to time
de temps en temps from time to time
du temps au temps from time to time
de tout temps since ever
tout à l'heure soon
tout de suite right now
tout le temps always
tous les jours always
de jour en jour gradually
de nos jours nowadays
       
  Place
  à la droite to the right
à la gauche to the left
à la maison home
à part beside
au dehors outside, outdoors
au-dessous to downstairs / below  
au-dessus to upstairs / up
de dessous from downstairs / below
d'où from where
en bas below, downstairs
en dedans within, inside, indoors
en dehors outside, outdoors
en dessous downstairs
en dessus upstairs
nulle part nowhere
par icí this way
quelque part somewhere
       
  Manner
  à la dérobée stealthily
à la française in a French manner
à la paysanne in peasents' manner
de bon gré by good will
de cette façon
in this way
en vain in vain
tour à tour rotationally
à merveille miraculously
       
 

Quantity

Affirmation and Negation

Degree
  au moins at least
au plus at most
de plus of much
de peu of some 
de tout of all
peu plus ou moins aproximately
bien entendu of course
bien sur of course
d'accord in agreement
en effet in effect
sans doute undoubtedly
a peine barely, hardly, (only) just
a peu près almost
pas du tout definitively not
tout a fait completely

See also Placement of the Adverb.
 


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