Negative Clauses


A variety of constructions are used to negate statements, the most common of which are ne... pas, ne... plus, ne... rien, ne... personne, ne... jamais, ne... aucun, ne... que, ne... ni... ni..., ne... nulle part. In most ordinary constructions, the negative elements surround the verb (or, in compound tenses, the active part of the verb, the auxiliary):

However, the negative terms aucun, que, ni... ni... will precede the object or objects they are negating, which may or may not immediately follow the verb; nulle part generally appears at the end of a phrase or sentence: Moreover, rien and personne can be used as grammatical subjects (always neuter, so there will be no agreement): Negatives of constructions with preceding object pronouns (direct object, indirect object, reflexive pronouns) will surround the pronoun(s) and the verb: Negatives in interrogative inversions will surround the verb, the subject pronoun, and any object pronouns: French allows for some double negative constructions:


See also: Articles after negatives, Interrogative clauses.
 


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