Direct discouse describes the direct reporting of what someone said in another context. It is usually marked by quotes:
A. If the related statement contains a conjugated verb, the word que must be added, and the subject may have to be changed to retain the logic of the sentence.
Direct discourse: Il m'a dit, "Tu es bête." He told me, "You're stupid"B. With verbs like dire to tell, permettre to permit, ordonner to order, demander to demand, when one is being instructed to do something, the related statement may use an infinitive construction:
Indirect discourse: Il m'a dit que j'étais bête. He told me [that] I was stupid.
Direct discourse: Il m'a dit, "Ecris-moi." He told me, "Write to me."C. Care must be taken to make sure the verb tense reflects the change of context that occurs when one moves from direct discourse to indirect discourse.
Indirect discourse: Il m'a dit de lui écrire. He told me to write him.
Direct discourse: Elle a dit, "Je serai à l'heure." She said, "I will be on time."
Indirect discourse: Elle a dit qu'elle serait à l'heure. She said she would be on time.
Direct discourse: Quand il a téléphoné, il a dit, "Je suis à l'aéroport." When he called he said, "I'm at the airport."
Indirect discourse: Quand il a téléphoné, il a dit qu'il était à l'aéroport. When he telephoned he said he was at the airport.
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