Demonstrative Adjectvives and Pronouns


Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns are used to emphasize or highlight something, or to distinguish one thing from another.

1. The adjectives agree in number and, when the forms allow, in gender with the nouns they modify:

masculine singular: ce, cet (when followed by a vowel sound)
feminine singular: cette
masculine and feminine plural: ces
The adjective may be used to introduce a topic, or with the suffixes -ci or -là (appended to the nouns they modify). Used by itself, it can be translated as either this or that; only when the suffixes are used does it become important to distinguish. The suffix -ci generally refers to objects, people, or events closer in space or time than those referred to by -là: 2. The demonstrative pronoun has four main forms:
masculine singular: celui
feminine singular: celle
masculine plural: ceux
feminine plural: celles
It is used in three different situations:

A. Followed by -ci or -là, sometimes mixed with the demonstrative adjective. (Note that when -ci and -là are used to suggest the former and the latter, -ci refers to the item mentioned more recently, and -là to the item mentioned earlier in the phrase.):

B. Followed by a relative pronoun: C. Followed by a preposition and a relative pronoun: 3. The indefinite demonstrative pronouns ceci and cela (ça), are used to refer to objects or events which have not been precisely identified:  

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