Interrogative Pronouns

Interrogative pronouns are used to elicit specific information about who has done what, and to whom. These pronouns may be used in est-ce que constructions or, usually, with inversions (note, however, that the subject pronoun will not invert). Which interrogative pronoun to use depends on whether the question focuses on a person or a thing, and whether the person or thing plays the grammatical role of subject, direct object, or object of a preposition. Here are the forms and their uses:

subject (person): qui est-ce qui, or qui + verb

subject (thing): qu'est-ce qui direct object (person): qui est-ce que, or qui + inverted verb direct object (thing): qu'est-ce que, or que + inverted verb prepositional object (person): preposition + qui + est-ce que, or preposition + qui + inversion prepositional object (thing): preposition + quoi + est-ce que, or preposition + quoi + inversion  
Quel and Lequel

The adjective quel (and its other forms quelle, quels, quelles) is used to mean what or which. When the noun is left out, the pronoun form lequel (laquelle, lesquels, lesquelles) is used, meaning which one. Quel and lequel can be used with est-ce que or with inversion:

See also Interrogative Adverbs, Interrogative Clauses.

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