Past Participle
 
 
Formation

Past participles are generally related to verb infinitives.

Infinitives ending in -er, for example, generally drop this ending and substitute -é, -ée:

Infinitives ending in -ir generally drop this ending and substitute -i, -ie: Infinitives ending in -re generally drop this ending and substitute -u, -ue:


Irregular past participles

A number of common verbs have irregular past participles:
 
  • avoir to have : eu
  • boire to drink : bu
  • connaître to know : connu
  • courir to run : couru
  • devoir must : dû (due)
  • être to be : été
  • faire to do, make : fait
  • falloir must, have to : fallu
  • lire to read : lu
  • mettre to put : mis
  • ouvrir to open : ouvert
  • pouvoir can, may : pu
  • prendre to take : pris
  • recevoir to receive : reçu
  • rire to laugh : ri
  • savoir to know : su
  • vivre to live : vécu
  • vouloir to want : voulu


French Irregular Verbs

Descriptive French Grammar
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© Zdravko Batzarov