Conjugation of the Verbs (Conxugación dos Verbos)

The development of the verbal endings in Galician is very similar to this in Portuguese. Note, however, that Galician uses the archaic endings -ades, -edes, -ides in the 2nd. p. pl. (cf. the situation in Judeo-Spanish language).
 

Non-Finite Verbal Forms (Formas verbais infinitas)
 

   

I

II

III

Infinitive (Infinitivo)

cantar bater partir

Gerund (Xerundio)

cantando batendo partindo

Participle (Participio)

cantado, a, os, as batido, a, os, as partido, a, os, as
 

Finite Verbal Forms (Formas verbais finitas)

The Present Indicative (Presente do Indicativo)
 

 

I

II

III

Sg.

1
2
3
canto
cant
as
cant
a
bato
bat
es
bat
e
parto
partes
parte

Pl.

1
2
3
cantamos
cant
ades
cant
an
batemos
bat
edes
bat
en
partimos
partides
parten

Note: Compared with Portuguese, the 2nd person pl. have the archaic endings -ades, -edes, -ides instead of -ais, -eis, -is.

See the Latin Present Indicative.
 

The Imperfect Indicative (Imperfeito do Indicativo)
 

 

I

II

III

Sg.

1
2
3
cantaba
cant
abas
cant
aba
batía
bat
ías
bat
ía
partía
partías
partía

Pl.

1
2
3
cantabamos
cant
abades
cant
aban
batíamos
bat
iades
bat
ían
partíamos
partiades
partían

Note: Unlike in Portuguese, the intervocalic -b- in the personal endings of the verbs of the 1st conjugation was not softened in -v-

See the Latin Imperfect Indicative.

Other Names: Copretérito do Indicativo.
 

The Past Simple Indicative (Perfeito do Indicativo)
 

 

I

II

III

Sg.

1
2
3
cantei
cant
aches
cant
ou
batín
bat
iches
bat
eu
partín
partiches
partiu

Pl.

1
2
3
cantamos
cant
astes
cant
aron
batemos
bat
estes
bat
eron
partimos
partistes
partiron

Note: As compared with Portuguese, there are different endings in the 1st p. sg. of the 2nd and 3rd conjugations (with final -n in Galician) and in 2nd p. sg. of all conjugations (Port. -aste, -este, -iste vs. Gal. -aches, -iches, -iches).

See the Latin Perfect Indicative.

Other names: Pretérito do Indicativo.
 

The Future Indicative (Futuro do Indicativo)
 

 

I

II

III

Sg.

1
2
3
cantarei
cant
arás
cant
ará
baterei
bat
erás
bat
erá
partirei
partirás
partirá

Pl.

1
2
3
cantaremos
cant
aredes
cant
arán
bateremos
bat
eredes
bat
erán
partiremos
partiredes
partirán


The Pluperfect Simple Indicative (Mais-que-parfeito do Indicativo)
 

 

I

II

III

Sg.

1
2
3
cantara
cant
aras
cant
ara
batera
bat
eras
bat
era
partira
partiras
partira

Pl.

1
2
3
cantaramos
cant
arades
cant
aran
bateramos
bat
erades
bat
eran
partiramos
partirades
partiran

Note: It inherits the Latin Pluperfect Indicative.

Other Names: Antepretérito do Indicativo.
 

The Present Subjunctive (Presente do Conjuntivo)
 

 

I

II

III

Sg.

1
2
3
(que) cante
(que) cant
es
(que) cant
e
(que) bata
(que) bat
as
(que) bat
a
(que) parta
(que)
partas
(que)
parta

Pl.

1
2
3
(que) cantemos
(que) cant
edes
(que) cant
en
(que) batamos
(que) bat
ades
(que) bat
an
(que) partamos
(que)
partades
(que)
partan

See the Latin Present Subjunctive.
 

The Imperfect Subjunctive (Imperfeito do Conjuntivo)
 

 

I

II

III

Sg.

1
2
3
(que) cantase
(que) cant
ases
(que) cant
ase
(que) batese
(que) bat
eses
(que) bat
ese
(que) partise
(que)
partises
(que)
partise

Pl.

1
2
3
(que) cantasemos
(que) cant
asedes
(que) cant
asen
(que) batesemos
(que) bat
esedes
(que) bat
esen
(que) partisemos
(que)
partisedes
(que)
partisen

It follows pretty well the Latin pattern. See the Latin Imperfect Subjunctive.

Other names: Pretérito do Subxuntivo.


 
The Present Conditional (Condicional Presente)
 

 

I

II

III

Sg.

1
2
3
cantaría
cant
arías
cant
aría
batería
bat
erías
bat
ería
partiría
partirías
partiría

Pl.

1
2
3
cantariamos
cant
ariades
cant
arían
bateriamos
bat
eriades
bat
erían
partiriamos
partiriades
partirían

Other Names: Pospretérito do Indicativo.
 

The Personal Infinitive (Infinitivo conxugado)
 

 

I

II

III

Sg.

1
2
3
cantar
cant
ares
cant
ar
bater
bat
eres
bat
er
partir
partires
partir

Pl.

1
2
3
cantarmos
cant
ardes
cant
aren
batermos
bat
erdes
bat
eren
partirmos
partirdes
partiren


 
The Present Imperative (Presente do Imperativo)
 

 

I

II

III

Sg.

2 canta! bate! parte!

Pl.

2 cantade! batede! partide!


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