Adverbs are invariable words used to determine a verbal action or a quality of adjective. They are primitive and derivative.
The primitive adverbs are short words referring to circumstances of place, time and manner, as the followng ones:
haud noThe derivative adverbs are derived from nouns, mainly adjectives, by a means of special suffixes:
non no, not
sic yes, thus
|acer, acris, acre||acr-||
The derivative adverbs are gradable:
Note that the Comparative degree of the adverbs coincides with the Comparative degree for Nom. sg. neuter of the adjectives.
The neuter forms for Nom. sg. of some adjectives are used as
adverbs in all the three degrees, cf.
multum – plus – prurimum
– more – most.
Correlative adverbs are derived from pronouns and are often used in
|ubi? where?||hic here
|quo? where?||huc here
|aliquo in some/any direction|
|unde? from where?||hinc from here
inde from there
|alicunde from some place|
|qua? by where?||hac here
|quando? when? when||tum then
umquam ever, at any time
|quotiens? how many times?||totiens so many times||aliquotiens several times|
|quam? how? how much?
See also Correlative pronouns.
Descriptive Latin Grammar
Orbis Latinus Main Page
This page is part of Orbis
© Zdravko Batzarov