Numerals (Numeralia)

The circumflex accent ( ) is used to denote the length of the vowels.


Arabic
Cardinal
Ordinal
Distributive
Num. Adverbs
Roman
1.
unus, una, unum primus, 3 singuli, ae, a semel I.
2.
duo, duae, duo secundus, 3
alter, era, erum
bini, ae, a bis II.
3.
tres, tria tertius, 3 terni (trini), ae, a ter III.
4.
quattuor quartus, 3 quaterni, ae, a quarter IV.
5.
quinque quintus, 3 quini, ae, a quinquies V.
6.
sex sextus, 3 seni, ae, a sexies VI.
7.
septem septimus, 3 septeni, ae, a septies VII.
8.
octo octâvus, 3 octoni, ae, a octies VIII.
9.
novem nonus, 3 noveni, ae, a novies IX.
10.
decem decimus, 3 deni, ae, a decies X.
11.
undecim undecim, 3 undeni, ae, a undecies XI.
12.
duodecim duodecimus, 3 duodeni, ae, a duodecies XII.
13.
tredecim tertius decimus terni deni ter decies XIII.
14.
quattuordecim quartus decimus quaterni deni  quater decies XIV.
15.
quindecim quintus decimus quini deni quinquies decies XV.
16.
sedecim sextus decimus seni deni sexies decies XVI.
17.
septendecim septimus decimus septeni deni septies decies XVII.
18.
duodeviginti duodevicesimus, 3  duodeviceni, ae, a duodevicies XVIII.
19.
undeviginti undevicesimus, 3 undeviceni, ae, a undevicies XIX.
20.
viginti vicesimus, 3 viceni, ae, a vicies XX.
21.
viginti unus
unus et viginti
unus et vicesimus
vicesimus primus
viceni singuli
singuli et viceni
vicies semel
semel et vicies
XXI.
28.
duodetriginta duodetricesimus, 3 duodetriceni, ae, a duodetricies XXVIII.
29.
undetriginta undetricesimus, 3 undetriceni, ae, a undetricies XXIX.
30.
triginta tricesimus, 3 triceni, ae, a tricies XXX.
40.
quadraginta quadragesimus, 3 quadrageni, ae, a quadragies XL.
50.
quinquaginta quinquagesimus, 3 quinquageni, ae, a quinquagies L.
60.
sexaginta sexagesimus, 3 sexageni, ae, a sexagies LX.
70.
septuaginta septuagesimus, 3 septuageni, ae, a septuagies LXX.
80.
octoginta octogesimus, 3 octogeni, ae, a octogies LXXX.
90.
nonaginta nonagesimus, 3 nonageni, ae, a nonagies XC.
100.
centum centesimus, 3 centeni, ae, a centies C.
200.
ducenti, ae, a ducentesimus, 3 duceni, ae, a ducenties CC.
300.
tricenti, ae, a tricentesimus, 3 treceni, ae, a trecenties CCC.
400.
quadringenti, ae, a quadrigentesimus, 3 quadringeni, ae, a quadringenties CD.
500.
quingenti, ae, a quingentesimus, 3 quingeni, ae, a quingenties D.
600.
sesgenti, ae, a sescentesimus, 3 sesceni, ae, a sescenties DC.
700.
septingenti, ae, a septingentesimus, 3 septingeni, ae, a septingenties DCC.
800.
octingenti, ae, a octingentesimus, 3 octingeni, ae, a octingenties DCCC.
900.
nongenti, ae, a nongentesimus, 3 nongeni, ae, a nongenties CM.
1000.
mille millesimus, 3 singula milia milies M.
2000.
duo milia bis millesimus, 3 bina milia bis milies MM.
3000.
tria milia ter millesimus, 3 terna milia ter milies MMM.
10000.
decem milia decies millesimus, 3 dena milia decies milies  
21000.
unum et viginti milia semel et vicies millesimus, 3 vicena singula milia semel et vicies milies  
100000.
centum milia centes millesimus, 3 centena milia  centies milies  
1000000.
decies centena milia decies centes millesimus, 3 decies centena milia decies centies milies  

The ordinals are declined like adjectives of I-II declensions.

The distributives are declined like adjectives of I-II declensions also, but in plural only. They are used to denote:

1. Equal numbers referring to each one of several objects, as in:

2. Quantity at nouns in plurals, as in:
sena castra six camps or binae litterae two letters (epistles), but duo litterae two letters (=characters).

The numeral adverbs are invariable words.

By adding the morphological element -plex or -plus -fold, multiplied by... there can be derived adjectives from the numerals:

The forms on -plex are declined as the III declension adjectives with one form for all the genders.
 

Declension of unus, duo, tres and milia:
...

Case 
unus
 
duo
 
tres
 
milia
m
f
n
m
f
n
mf
n
n
Nom.
unus una unum duo duae duo tres tria milia
Gen.
unius
duorum duarum duorum
trium
milium
Dat.
uni
duobus duabus duobus
tribus
milibus
Acc.
unum unam unum duos duas duo tres tria milia
Abl.
uno una uno duobus duabus duobus
tribus
milibus


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