Periphrastical conjugation (Conjugatio periphrastica)

The circumflected accents are used to mark the vowels' length.


The analytical temporal construction, formed with the Future participles and the auxiliary esse, was referred to by the Roman grammarians as Conjugatio periphrastica. It was used in all moods but Imperative:
 
 
Active voice
 
Passive voice
Indicative
Present amatûrus, a, um sum etc.   amandus, a, um sum etc.
Imperfect amatûrus, a, um eram etc. amandus, a, um eram etc.
Future amatûrus, a, um ero etc. amandus, a, um ero etc.
Perfect amatûrus, a, um fui etc. amandus, a, um fui etc.
Pluperfect amatûrus, a, um fueram etc. amandus, a, um fueram etc.
Future Perfect amatûrus, a, um fuero etc. amandus, a, um fuero etc.
 
Subjunctive
Present amatûrus, a, um sim etc.   amandus, a, um sim etc.
Imperfect amatûrus, a, um essem etc. amandus, a, um essem etc.
Perfect amatûrus, a, um fuerim etc. amandus, a, um fuerim etc.
Pluperfect amatûrus, a, um fuissem etc. amandus, a, um fuissem etc.
 
Infinitive
Present amatûrus, a, um esse etc.   amandus, a, um esse etc.
Perfect amatûrus, a, um fuisse etc. amandus, a, um fuisse etc.

The Active is used to express intention and the Passive obligation:
    amatûrus sum I am inteded to love;
    amandus sum I must be loved.


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