Verba Finita

The Present tenses
 
 
The Present Indicative (Indicativus Praesentis)

Formation:
I-IV: the present stem + the personal endings.
 
 
Active Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
amo
amas
amat
moneo
mones
monet
lego
legis
legit
audio
audis
audit
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
amamus
amatis
amant
monemus
monetis
monent
legimus
legitis
legunt
audimus
auditis
audiunt
 
Passive Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
amor
amaris
amatur
moneor
moneris
monetur
legor
legeris
legitur
audior
audieris
auditur
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
amamur
amamini
amantur
monemur
monemini
monentur
legimur
legimini
leguntur
audimur
audimini
audiuntur
 
 
The Imperfect Indicative (Indicativus Imperfecti)

Formation:
I-II: the present stem + -ba- + the personal endings;
III-IV: the present stem + -eba- + the personal endings.
 
 
Active Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
amabam
amabas
amabat
monebam
monebas
monebat
legebam
legebas
legebat
audiebam
audiebas
audiebat
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
amabamus
amabatis
amabant
monebamus
monebatis
monebant
legebamus
legebatis
legebant
audiebamus
audiebatis
audiebant
 
Passive Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
amabar
amabaris
amabatur
monebar
monebaris
monebatur
legebar
legebaris
legebatur
audiebar
audiebaris
audiebatur
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
amabamur
amabamini
amabantur
monebamur
monebamini
monebantur
legebamur
legebamini
legebantur
audiebamur
audiebamini
audiebantur
 
 
The Future Indicative (Indicativus Futuri)

Formation:
I-II: the present stem + -b- + the personal endings;
III-IV: the present stem + -e- + the personal endings; the 1 p. sg. for both voices is without e- and coincides with the corresponding forms of the Present Subjunctive.
 
 
Active Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
amabo
amabis
amabit
monebo
monebis
monebit
legam
leges
leget
audiam
audies
audiet
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
amabimus
amabitis
amabunt
monebimus
monebitis
monebunt
legemus
legemitis
legent
audiemus
audiemitis
audient
 
Passive Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
amabor
amaberis
amabitur
monebor
moneberis
monebitur
legar
legeris
legetur
audiar
audieris
audietur
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
amabimur
amabimini
amabuntur
monebimur
monebimini
monebuntur
legemur
legemini
legentur
audiemur
audiemini
audientur
 
 
The Present Subjunctive (Conjunctivus Praesentis)

Formation:
I: the present stem + -e- + the personal endings (the thematic a- disappears);
II-III-IV: the present stem + -a- + the personal endings.
 
 
Active Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
amem
ames
amet
moneam
moneas
moneat
legam
legas
legat
audiam
audias
audiat
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
amemus
ametis
ament
moneamus
moneatis
moneant
legaamus
legatis
legant
audiamus
audiatis
audiant
 
Passive Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
amer
ameris
ametur
monear
monearis
moneatur
legar
legaris
legatur
audiar
audiaris
audiatur
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
amemur
amemini
amentur
moneamur
moneamini
moneantur
legamur
legamini
legantur
audiamur
audiamini
audiantur
 
 
The Imperfect Subjunctive (Conjunctivus Imperfecti)

Formation:
I-II-III-IV: the present stem + -re- + the personal endings.
 
 
Active Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
amarem
amares
amaret
monerem
moneres
moneret
legerem
legeres
legeret
audirem
audires
audiret
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
amaremus
amaretis
amarent
moneremus
moneretis
monerent
legeremus
legeretis
legerent
audiremus
audiretis
audirent
 
Passive Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
amarer
amareris
amaretur
monerer
monereris
moneretur
legerer
legereris
legeretur
audirer
audireris
audiretur
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
amaremur
amaremini
amarentur
moneremur
moneremini
monerentur
legeremur
legeremini
legerentur
audiremur
audiremini
audirentur
 
 
The Present Imperative (Imperativus Praesentis)

Formation:
I-II-III-IV: the present stem + the personal endings.
 
 
Active Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
--
ama
--
--
mone
--
--
lege
--
--
audi
--
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
--
amate
--
--
monete
--
--
legite
--
--
audite
--
 
Passive Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
--
amare
--
--
monere
--
--
legere
--
--
audire
--
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
--
amamini
--
--
monemini
--
--
legimini
--
--
audimini
--
 
 
The Future Imperative (Imperativus Futuri)

Formation:
I-II-III-IV: the present stem + the personal endings
 
 
Active Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
--
amato
amato
--
moneto
moneto
--
legito
legito
--
audito
audito
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
--
amatote
amanto
--
monetote
monento
--
legitote
legunto
--
auditote
audiunto
 
Passive Voice
I
II
III
IV
Sg.
1.
2.
3.
--
amator
amator
--
monetor
monetor
--
legitor
legitor
--
auditor
auditor
Pl.
1.
2.
3.
--
--
amantor
--
--
monentor
--
--
leguntor
--
--
audiuntor

 

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Descriptive Latin Grammar

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