used with Ablative only.
The circumflected accents
are used to mark the vowels' length.
The form a
is used before consonants, and the form ab
before vowels, but sometimes before consonants also; abs
is used in the expression abs
te by you.
The preposition denotes separation
or distance from periphery (surface) of an object / person and not from
interior (cf. ex).
Non figurative usage
1. Space: from
2. Time (with the idea of remote origin):
Plebei ab urbe secedunt.
withdraw from the city (of Rome).
Romani impetum hostium ab laevo
sustinere non potuerunt.
were not able to sustain the attack from the left.
ab urbe condita (A.U.C.) since
the City (of Rome) was founded
1. Agent (in the passive voice):
2. Cause (rare in classical Latin):
Decius ab exercitus corona civica
was granted a civic crown by the army.
ab odio for
ab ira for
Orbis Latinus Main
This page is part of Orbis
© Zdravko Batzarov