Determiners (Determinador)


Determiners are words (as an article, possessive, demonstrative, or quantifier) that makes specific the denotation of a noun phrase. In Lombard they agree in gender and number with the noun.
 

Articles (Artìcol)
 
 
Basic
Forms
Contracted Forms
a
de
cont
su, in su
in
Definite
Article
Sg.
m
el (l')
al
del
cont el / col
in sul
in del
f
la (l')
a la
de la
con la / cola
in su la
in de la
Pl.
m
i
ai
dei
cont i, coi
in sui
in dei
f
Indefinite Article
Sg.
m
on (n')
a on
de n
cont on
in su on
in d'on
f
ona ('na, n)
a na
de na
cont ona
in su ona
in de na

The forms l' , n' of the articles are used in front of a vowel, cf.:

 
Possessive Adjectives (Agettiv Possessiv)
 
Person
One owner
 
Many owners
Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
1st
m
el mé
i mé
el nòster
i nòster
f
la mia
la nòstra 
2nd
m
el tò
i tò
el vòster
i vòster
f
la tua
la vòstra
3rd
m
el sò
i sò
el sò
i sò
f
la sua
la sua

Examples:
 
el mè liber my book 
el nòster liber our book 
la mia cà my house 
la nòstra cà our house
i mè liber my books
i nòster liber our books 
i mè cà my houses 
i nòster cà our houses
 
 
Demonstrative Adjectives (Agettiv Demostrativ)
 
 
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine & Feminine
   Simple
Near
objects
quest, chest, sto this
questa, chesta, sta
questi, chesti, sti
Remote objects
quell, chell that
quella, chella
quèj, chèj, quij, chì
Compound
Near
objects
quèst chì, chèst chì,
sto [noun] chì this
quèsta chì, chèsta chì,
sta [noun] chì
quèsti chì, chèsti chì,
sti [noun] chì
Remote objects
quèl [noun] là, chèl là that
quèla [noun] là, chèla là
quij [noun] là, chì là

Examples:
 
sto òmm this man 
sti oòmen these men 
sta dòna this woman 
sti dònn these women
sto òmm chì this man here 
sti òmen chì these men here 
quell liber là that book there 
quij liber là those books there
 
 
Interrogative Adjectives (Agettiv Interrogativ)
 
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
qual? what kind of?
quaj?
 
 
Indefinite Adjectives (Agettiv Indefinii)
 
Variable
Invariable
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine & Feminine
alter other
altro
alter
on poo de
a few, a little

tròpp
too much / many

on fracch de
much, many, 
a lot of

certo certain
certa
certi / cert
stess same
stessa
stess
nanca vun none
nanca voeuna
--
nissun none
nissuna
--
tant much
tanta
tant / tanti many
pòcch few, little
pòca
pòcch
on quaj any, some
ona quaj
-- 
tal such
taj
tutt, tuccscòss all, the whole...
tutta
tutt, tucc, tutti every

 
 

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