Determiners (Determinants)

 
 
Articles (Articles)
 

 

Indefinite
Article

Definite Article

Basic
Forms

Contracted Forms

a

de

per

sus

Singular

m

un 

lo (l') 

al 

del 

pel 

sul 

f

una 

la (l') 

Plural

m

de (d') 

los 

als 

dels 

pels 

suls 

f

de (d') 

las 

 
The apostrophized forms d' and l' are used in front of words beginning with a vowel.

The form de is the true undefinite form for plural; unes, unas rather mean some, a few. For example:

 
Dialect variations

Gascon has slightly different forms for the indefinite articles:

The forms of the definite articles are more diversified:

 
Possessive Adjectives (Adjectius Possesius)
 

Person One owner Many owners

singular

plural

singular

plural

1st

masculine

mon 

mos 

nòstre 

nòstres 

feminine

ma 

mas 

nòstra 

nòstras 

2nd

masculine

ton 

tos 

vòstre 

vòstres 

feminine

ta 

tas 

vòstra 

vòstras 

3rd

masculine

son 

sos 

lor 

lors 

feminine

sa 

sas 

 
Dialect variations
 

Possessives in Maritime:

  • moun (ma, mèi)  
  • toun (ta, tèi)  
  • soun (sa, sèi)  
  • noueste (nouesto, nouesti)  
  • voueste (vouesto, vouesti)  
  • soun (sa, sèi)  

Possessives in Rhodanian:

  • moun (ma, mi)  
  • toun (ta, ti)  
  • soun (sa, si)  
  • noste (nosto, nosti)  
  • voste (vosto, vosti)  
  • soun (sa, si)  
 
 
Demonstrative Adjectives (Adjectius Demonstratius)
 

 

Short Distance

Indeterminate distance

Long distance

Sg.

m

Aiceste / Aqueste 

-- 

Aquel 

f

Aicesta / Aquesta 

-- 

Aquela 

n

Eiçò / Aiçò

Ço 

Aquò (Aco) / Ailò

Pl.

m

Aicestes / Aquestes 

-- 

Aqueles 

f

Aicestas / Aquestas 

-- 

Aquelas 

n

=Sg.

=Sg.

=Sg.

The following variations also occur in the speech.

 
Interrogative Adjectives (Adjectius Interrogatius)
 

Variable

Invariable

Singular

Plural

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

quant? how much?

quanta?

quants?

quantas?

qui? que? qual? quin? who? what?

qual? quala? what? which ?

quales? qualas?

 
 
Exclamatives
 
Qual, quin, quant what a, what, can be either adjectives or pronouns, and agree with number and gender:

Que (de) ...  so much ..., so many ... !

 
Indefinite Adjectives (Adjectius Indefinits)
 

Variable

Invariable

Singular

Plural

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

autre other

autra

autres

autras

un pauc de
a little

gaire few, little

pro enough

fòrça, plan (de)
many, much

cada every, each

un one

una

unes some, few

unas

cadun, every one, each one

caduna

--

--

mantun several

mantuna

mantuns 

mantunas

qualque (quauque) some, a few

qualques (quauques)

tant (tan) as much

tanta

tant, tantes

tant, tantas

tot all, the whole...

tota

totes every

totas

 
 
Negative Adjectives (Adjectius Negatius)
 

Variable

Invariable

Singular

Plural

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

degun nobody

deguna

--

--

cap (de), ges (de)
no, none


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