Pronouns (Pronoms)



See the contrastive Table on the Origin of the Pronouns in the modern Romance languages.
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Personal and Reflexive Pronouns (Pronoms Personals e Reflexius)

Num-
ber
Person Subject Direct
Object
Indirect Object
without preposition with preposition
Sg.
1st
mf
ièu I
me (m') me
me to me
a ièu to me
2nd
mf
tu you
te (t') you
te to you
a tu to you
3rd
m
el he
lo (l') him
li / to him, to her 
a el to him
f
ela she
la (l') her
a ela to  her
n
el it
o it
a el to it
reflex.
-- 
se him/her/itself
se to him/her/itself
a el to him/herself
Pl.
1st
m
nosautres / nos we
nos us
nos to us
a nosautres (as) to us
f
nosautras / nos we
2nd
m
vosautres / vos you
vos you
vos to you
a vosautres (as) to you
f
vosautras / vos you
3rd
m
eles they
los them
li / lor to them
a eles to them
f
elas they
las them
a elas to them
reflex.
-- 
se themselves
se themselves
a se to themselves
...
Note: nos and vos, 1st and second person plural subject forms, are polite forms only.
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Possessive Pronouns (Pronoms Possessius)

 
One owner
Many owners
Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
1st person
m
lo mieu
los mieus
lo nòstre
los nòstres
f
la miá / mieuna
las miás / mieunas
la nòstra
las nòstras
n
çò mieu
--
çò nòstre
--
2nd person
m
lo tieu
los tieus
lo vòstre
los vòstres
f
la tiá / tieuna
las tiás / tieunas
la vòstra
las vòstras
n
çò tieu
--
çò vòstre
--
3rd person
m
lo sieu
los sieus
lo lor, lo sieu
los lors, los sieus
f
la siá / sieuna
las siás / sieunas
la lor, la sieuna
las lors, las sieunas
n
çò sieu
--
çò lor / çò sieu
--
...
These forms can also be adjectives, for insistance: lo mieu paire my father.
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Demonstrative Pronouns (Pronoms Demonstratius)

Variable
Invariable

 

 

(Neuter)

Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
aiceste this
aicesta
aicestes
aicestas
aiçò this 

 
 
 
 
 

aquò this, that

aquò that

aqueste this / that
aquesta
aquestes
aquestas
aquel that
aquela
aqueles
aquelas
lo de... (1) the one of...
la de
los de
las de
l'autre the other
l'autra
los autres
las autras
...
§1.  Aquel can es lo de mon paire. That dog is my father's (that of my father): the definite article has retained its original demonstrative value.
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Relative Pronouns (Pronoms Relatius)

Variable
Invariable
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
lo que (he)who
la que
los que
las que
que who , whom
qui who, whom
lo qual (he)who
la quala
los quales
las qualas
dont, que whose
dont, que
dont, que
dont, que
...

Interrogative Pronouns (Pronoms Interrogatius)

Variable
Invariable
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
qui, qual ? who?
qui, qual ?
que? who? what?
(de) qué? what?
(de) qué?
quant? how much / many?
quanta?
quantes?
quantas?
...

Indefinite Pronouns (Pronoms Indefinits)

Variable
Invariable
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
qualqu'un (quauqu'un) somebody
qualqu'una
(quauqu'una)
qualques uns
(quauques uns)
some, few
qualques unas
(quauques unas)
òm someone

quicòm something

tot all
tota
totes
totas
tant as much
tanta
tantes
tantas
un (some)one, everyone
una
unes
unas
cadun (some)one, everyone
caduna
--
--
qual que siá whoever
qual que sián
que que siá whatever
que que sián
...

Negative Pronouns (Pronoms Negatius)

Invariable
Persons
Things
degun nobody
res nothing
...
...

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