Verb (Verb)


The Occitan verbs fall in three conjugational pattern discerned by the endings of the present infinitive.
 
I conjugation: 
-ar
II conjugation: 
-ir
III conjugation: 
-re, , -er, -r
amar to love
comprar  to buy
hablar  to speak
passar  to go, pass
dormir  to sleep
sentir  to hear
pedir  to ask
finir   to finish
batre  to beat
tèner   to hold
far (faire)   to do, make
dever (deure) must

There is a wide variety of compound tenses. The one most used is the present perfect, constructed with the auxialiaries èstre (èsser) or aver and the past participle. As a general rule, transitive verbs have aver as an auxilliary verb, whereas untransitive and pronominal verbs have èstre. Unlike French and Catalan, èstre is its own auxilliary: soi estat versus French j'ai été and Catalan he estat.

Another particularity of Occitan conjugation is the use of surcompound tenses to indicate that an action was done at least once in the past, at an indeterminate time, yet which left an impact in the mind of the speaker:

As in Spanish, Italian and Portuguese, and contrary to French, the subjonctive imperfect is still a living tense: it is widelly and commonly used.



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