Classification of the Sounds (Classificação dos Sons)

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The Vowels (As Vogais)
 
Intervention of the oral and the nasal cavities
Oral
pá, pelo, vivo, mó, sul
Nasal
rã, tem, fim, som, fundo
Zone of Articulation
Anterior or Palatal
rir, pé, venda
Middle or Central
mala, lã
Posterior or Velar
bala, muro, lomba
Timbre
Opened
pá, pedra, mola
Middle
ano, fêmea, bola, tanto
Closed
vi, burro, mim
Intensity
Tonic
armário, pé, medo, bule
Atonic
casa, meter, lugar, povo
 
 
The Diphthongs (Os Ditongos)
 
Ascending Descending
perícia, espécie, fastio, vácuo, ténue, água pai, feito, varapau, réu, biscoito, muito
Oral Nasal
saia, farnéis, fugiu, boi, uivar mãe, cãimbra, vem, mão, comeram
 
 
The Consonants (As Consoantes)
 
Intervention of the buccal and the nasal cavities  Oral Nasal
Manner of Articulation Occlusive Constrictive Occlusive
Fricative Lateral Vibrant
Intervention of the Vocal Strings Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiced Voiced Voiced
Position Bila-
bial
p
b
 
 
 
 
m
Labio-
dental
 
 
f
v
 
 
 
Alveolar
t
d
s, c, ç = [s] sola, osso céu, cimo lição
z, s 
zona
casa
l
r
tiro
n
Palatal
 
 
ch, x, s = [S]
cheio
xaile, xá
crescer
bolas
j, g = [J]
jugar
gelo
lh = [L]
 
nh = [N]
Velar
c , q
carro
quatro

gola
 
 
 
r = [ò]
gorro rua
 

 

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