The polite speech in Spanish requires the usage of the special pronominal forms usted (for singular) and ustedes (for plural) followed by a verbal form in third person (singular or plural, respectively):
The form usted is often abbreviated as Ud. or Vd. and the form ustedes as Uds. or Vds.
This manner of polite
speaking is paralleled in Portuguese (você / vocês), Catalan
(vostè / vostès) and Italian
(lei / loro); it was used also in French till the 19th century.
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