Negative and Affirmative Clauses

The most common way to make a sentence negative is to place no before the verb, cf.:


Affirmative and negative expressions

  Affirmative Meaning in English     Negative Meaning in English
  algo something      nada nothing 
  alguien someone      nadie no one
  alguno, -a someone, some      ninguno, -a no one, none
  siempre always     nunca never 
  alguna vez ever      jamás never
  también also     tampoco neither
  todavía, aún still     ya no no longer
  ya already      todavía no not yet 
  o or     ni nor 
  o…o either…or     ni…ni neither…nor 

NOTE: In Spanish, double negation is very common; see for details below.

Algo vs. Nada

Algo something and nada nothing are invariable and refer to things and objects, cf.: ...

Alguien vs. Nadie

Alguien "someone" and nadie "no one" are invariable and refer to people. When alguien, nadie, alguno and ninguno are direct objects, they must be preceded by the personal a when they refer to a person. ...

Alguno vs. Ninguno

Alguno "someone / some" and ninguno "no one / none" can refer to people or things. Furthermore, alguno and ninguno drop the final -o before masculine singular nouns (similarly, uno "one" shortens to un, and bueno "good" to buen; see Apocoped forms). NOTE: Ninguno is never used in a plural form.

Alguna vez

Alguna vez is equivalent to "ever". ...

The Use of Multiple Negative

1. Whenever the negative words nada, nadie, nunca, tampoco, jamás, follow the verb, no must precede the verb, which produces a multiple negative construction, cf.; 2. The negative word can be placed at the end of the sentence, cf.: When the negative word precedes the verb, the word no is not used, cf.: ...

Double No

When the answer to a question is negative, the word no appears twice. It appears at the beginning of the sentence and also in front of the verb, cf.: NOTE: Usually the subject pronoun is omitted in the answer because the verb ending identifies the subject, as in the example above.

Nunca jamás

Nunca jamás "never ever / never again" is one of the strongest negative forms. ...

Nunca más

Nunca más is equivalent to "never again". ...


Jamás is used as a superlative and is equivalent to "ever". ...


También "also / too" expresses the union of two affirmative sentences. ...


Tampoco means "neither" and is used to unite negative sentences, cf.: ...

Ni ... ni

Ni ... ni "neither ... nor" connects two negative constructions, cf.: ...

Ni siquiera / No ... ni

Ni siquiera and sometimes No ... ni are equivalent to "not even", cf.:

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