Adjective (Agetivo)
 
 
As in the other Romance languages, the adjectives in Venetan agree in gender and number with the nouns they refer to, cf.:
 
  • toco grando big piece 
  • strada granda big (large) street 
  • tochi grandi big pieces; 
  • strade grande big (large) streets 
 
 
Gender and Number of the Adjectives
(Gènere e Nùmaro dei Agetivi)
 
As the nouns, the adjectives in Venetan  are gendered masculine or feminine.

Adjectives undergo predictable changes between masculine and feminine forms, and between singular and plural forms. These forms are the same as for nouns.
 
 
Adjectives of two forms (Agetivi a do fórme)

They have -e ending for masc/femin. singular and -i ending for masc./fem. plural:

Adjectives ending in r add -i in the plural :  
Adjectives of four forms (Agetivi a quatro fórme)

These adjectives have endings -o, -n  in masc. sg., ending -a in fem.sg., ending -i in masc.pl. and ending -e in fem. pl. They behave like nouns. Be careful to vowel change.
 
 
Masculne sing.
Feminine sing.
Masculine plur.
Feminine plur.
Meaning
 
grando
granda
grandi
grande
great, big
 
stran
strana
strani
strane
strange, odd
 
vecio
vecia
veci
vecie
old
 
vérdo
vérda
virdi
vérde
green
 
nóvo
nóva
nuvi
nóve
new
 
storto
storta
storti
storte
crooked, distorted, bent
 
 
Invariable Adjectives (Agetivi invariàbili)
 
Certain colors, especially compound adjectives or adjectives derived from nouns or adverbs, are invariable:

 
Short form Adjectives (Agetivi co fórma curta)
 
Some few adjectives have a contracted singular form when put before a noun and use the "normal" form when come after:
 
  • Only masc. sg.: 

  • un bel can a beautifu/nice dog
    un bel'omo a beautiful men
     
  • Masc. / fem. sg.: 

  • un gran palaso masc. a big palace
    gran parte fem. big portion
 
un can belo a dog [which is] beautiful/nice
un omo belo a man [who is] beautiful
     
    un palaso grando a palace [which is] big
    na parte granda a portion [which is] big
 
 
 
Degree of the Adjectives (Gradi dei Agetivi)
 
Comparative Degree (Grado Conparativo)

Comparative degree is formed analytically. Note that adjective agrees with the principal noun:
 
Comparative Degree
Formation
Examples
of Superiority
pi + ADJ. + de
Sandro 'l xe pi grando de Marco. 
Sandro is taller/older than Mark.
of Equality
[tanto] + ADJ. + fa
[tanto] + ADJ. + come
Sandro 'l xe grando come Marco. El xe grando fa ti. 
Sandro is as tall/old as Mark. He's as tall/old as you.
of Inferiority
manco + ADJ. + de
Sandro 'l xe manco grando de Marco. 
Sandro is less tall/old than Mark.
 
 
Absolute Superlative Degree (Grado Superlativo Asoluto)
 
Superlative Degree
Formation
Examples
Absolute syntethical 
(little used)
ADJ. + -ìsimo
L'è belìsimo. Sémo bravìsimi...
He / it is very beutiful. We're very good at...
Metaphorical 
metaphor
similitude
El xe un teremoto. He's very lively (he's an earthquake).
I xe beli fa el sol. They're very nice (beautiful like the sun)
.Analyical
molto + ADJ.
veramente + ADJ.
ADJ. + forte
La xe molto brava. She's very good at...
La xe veramente brava. She's very good at...
Te si stùpido forte!. You're very stupid!
Reduplicated
ADJ. +ADJ.
Un mónte alto alto. Na tenpesta forte forte.
A very high mountain. A very strong storm.
 
Metaphors and similitudes in Venetan are not just a stylistic option, but they have a grammatical function just as the other periphrastical constructions. They don't depend on the "humour" of the speaker, but are often the easiest way to express an absolute superlative. The synthetical superlative is not of the the same importance as in Spanish or Italian and it's not often used.
 
 
Relative Superlative Degree (Grado Superlativo Relativo)
 
Superlative Degree
Formation
Examples
Relative
Det. + ADJ. + de
L'è el giorno pi belo de la mé vita! El pi bravo de tuti.
It's the best day of my life! The best of all
 
 
Irregular degrees (Gradi iregolari)

A few adjectives have irregular synthetical comparative forms, inherited from Latin:
 
  Adjective Comparative Degree Superlative Degree
  bon mejo invar. el / la / i / le mejo
  bruto pexo invar. el / la / i / le pexo
  cativo pexo invar. el / la / i / le pexo
  grando pi grando màsimo   or   el pi grando
  baso, pìcolo pi baso, pi pìcolo mìnimo   or   el pi baso...
 
 


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