Pronouns (Pronomi)
 
 
See the contrastive Table on the Origin of the Pronouns in the modern Romance languages.
 

Personal & Reflexive Pronouns (Pronomi Personali e Riflesivi)
.
  PERSONAL PRONOUNS REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
Atonic Forms
Tonic Forms
Subj. / Obj.
Atonic Forms
Dir. / Ind. Obj.
Tonic Forms
Assert.
Subject
Interrog.
Subj.
Dir. Object Ind. Object
Sg.
1st
mf
-- I
(-i) I
me me
me to me
(a) mi
I, me, to me 
me
myself
mi, mi mi solo
2nd
mf
te you
-to you
te you
te to you
(a) ti
(to) you
te
yourself
ti
3rd
m
el he
-(e)lo he
lo him
ghe to him / her
(a) elo
(a) lu
he, (to) him
se
him-, herself
elo stéso
(se stéso)
f
la she
-(e)la she
la her
(a) ela
she, (to) her
ela stésa
(se stésa)
Pl.
1st
m
-- we
(-i) we
ne us
ne to us
(a) noaltri
we, (to) us
se
ourselves
noaltri
f
(a) noaltre
we, (to) us
noaltre
2nd
m
-- you
-o you
ve you
ve to you
(a) voaltri
(to) you
ve
yourselves
voaltri
f
(a) voaltre
(to) you
voaltre
3rd
m
i they
-(e)li they
li them
ghe to them
(a) luri
they, (to) them
se
themselves
luri stési
(se stési)
f
le they
-(e)le they
le them
(a) lore
they, (to) them
lore stése
(se stéso)

3rd person partitive/argumental/locative pronoun
Compound with other personal pronouns
ghene (ghine
of it , of him , of her , of them , of this , of these , of that , of those
about it/him/her/them/this/these/that/those
here/there = in it/them
from here/there
min' / me ne to me...of it , to me...about it
tin' / te ne to you...of it , to you...about it
ghin' / ghe ne to him/her...of it , in it...of it, there...of it/them
(ne) to us...of it , to us...about it
vin' / ve ne to you...of it , to you...about it
ghin' / ghe ne to them...of it , to them...about it
 
Possessive Pronouns (Pronomi Posesivi)              .
 
Person One owner Many owners
Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
1st
m
el mio mine
i mii
el nostro ours
i nostri
f
la mia mine
le mie
la nostra ours
le nostre
2nd
m
el tuo yours
i tui
el vostro yours
i vostri
f
la tua yours
le tue
la vostra yours
le vostre
3rd
m
el suo his
i sui
el suo theirs
i sui
f
la sua hers
le sue
la sua theirs
le sue
 
 
Demonstrative Pronouns (Pronomi Demostrativi)
.
Variable
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
'sto qua / questo this
'sta qua / questa
'sti qua / quisti
'ste qua / queste
quelo (là) this
quela (là)
quii (là)
quele (là)
l'altro the other
l'altra
i altri
le altre
tal / tale such
tali
 
 
Relative Pronouns (Pronomi Relativi)
                 .
 
Variable
Invariable (Usual forms)
Sg.
m
el quale who
che Who / Which , Whose ... To, for, with, in, by whom / which
che / de cui whose, of which
'ndo / (in do') in which / where
da 'ndo from which / where
pa 'ndo through which / where
f
la quale
Pl.
m
i quali
f
le quali
 
 
Interrogative Pronouns (Pronomi Interogativi)
.
 
Variable
 
Invariable
Emphatical
Forms
Non-emphatical
Forms
Postpositive
Forms
Sg.
m.
qualo? which? what? 
cósa?
in dove?
'sa? what?
chi? who?
'ndo? where?
ché?
onde?
f.
quala?
Pl.
m.
quali?
f.
quale?
 
 
Indefinite Pronouns (Pronomi Indefinìi)
 
Variable
Invariable
Singular
Plural
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
calchedun somebody, anybody 
calcheduna
calcheduni
calchedune
calchedun(i)
someone

calcosa something

se
you, one, they

uno (some)one
una
   
--
--
serti certain
serte
-- 
-- 
alcuni some
alcune
--
--
tuti every , everybody
tute every
ognun each, every(one)
ognuna
   
 
 
Negative Pronouns (Pronomi Negativi)
                         .
 
Variable
 
Invariable
Singular
Masculine
Feminine
Persons
nisun nobody
nisuna
nisun(i) no one
Objects
gnanca un nobody
gnanca una
gnente nothing
 
 

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