Negation

The Negative Imperative (Inperativo Negativo)

Venetan has a quite peculiar way to form the negative imperative: while other Romance languages use negative subjunctive (Spanish no hables don't speak, Catalan no ploris don't cry...) or simply the infinitive (French ne pas fumer no smoking, Italian non piangere don't cry), Venetan requires a special auxiliary, star to stay.

The structure is: no + imperative of star + infinitive. As, always, the 3rd p. sg. / pl. borrow their forms from Subjunctive.

As for affirmative imperative, the polite form varies in number (sg. / pl.) and even in gender (masc. / fem.). It corresponds to the normal 3rd person without the particle che, cf.:

Note that to say «don't stay there» you should say «no stà star» where the verb star appears as auxiliary in imperative and then as full verb in infinitive.

 

Sgingular

1.
2.
3.
  --
no stà scoltar
che no 'l stàga/stae scoltar

Plural

1.
2.
3.
  no stémo scoltar
no stè scoltar
che no i stàga/stae scoltar

Polite

Sg.   no 'l stàga/stae scoltar
Pl.   no i stàga/stae scoltar


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© Zdravko Batzarov