Auxiliary verbs


The verb aver to have has retained its semantic usage and is (with èsser) an auxiliary for constructing compound tenses, cf.: It is also used in a fundamental construction i aver there is, there are, cf.: ...

Téner (Tenir)

The verb téner to hold may be used as an auxiliary in the periphrastic construction téner de + past participle with the meaning of continuity, cf.: ...

Èsser (Èstre)

The verb èsser to be has various functions:


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