Stress and Accentuation (Acento y Acentuación)
The Spanish words may be stressed on the ultimate, penultimate or antepenultimate syllable.

According to the Spanish Grammar they are called respectively palabras agudas (stressed on the ultimate syllable), palabras llanas (stressed on the penultimate syllable) and palabras esdrújulas (stressed on the ultimate syllable).

The stressed syllables may be easily recognized in writing because of the following rules:

Besides this, there are used diacritical accents (acentos diacriticos) to distinguish words with different meanings, cf.:

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